lose

lose [ luz ] (past tense and past participle lost [ lɔst ] ) verb ***
▸ 1 stop having something
▸ 2 be unable to find
▸ 3 not win
▸ 4 have less than before
▸ 5 when someone dies
▸ 6 no longer see/hear etc.
▸ 7 not have body part
▸ 8 stop having quality etc.
▸ 9 waste time/opportunity
▸ 10 not make a profit
▸ 11 escape from someone
▸ 12 confuse someone
▸ 13 when clock is too slow
▸ + PHRASES
1. ) transitive to stop having something because it has been taken from you or destroyed:
Mike lost his job last year.
Register now and don't lose your right to vote.
The family lost everything when their home burned down.
lose someone something (=make someone lose something): An unreasonably high exchange rate lost them export markets.
lose something to someone: They feared losing the sale to a rival company.
a ) to stop having someone working for or with you because they have left:
I hope you decide not to accept their offer, because we'll be sorry to lose you.
2. ) transitive to be unable to find someone or something:
I've lost my purse. Have you seen it?
We were frantic because we lost Ben in the store.
3. ) intransitive or transitive to not win a race, competition, fight, etc.:
How did you do in the quiz? We lost.
lose to/against someone: The Rams lost 24 14 to the Giants.
lose by something: They lost by only one point.
lose someone something (=make someone lose something): Those comments may well have lost them the election.
─ opposite WIN
4. ) transitive to have less of something than before because some of it has gone:
The plane lost cabin pressure and everyone had to use oxygen masks.
a ) transitive to become thinner and weigh less:
I lost 5 pounds when I was sick.
lose weight: He's lost a lot of weight recently.
b ) lose height if a plane loses height, it moves down to a lower level in the sky, usually because of a problem
5. ) transitive if you lose a member of your family, they die:
She lost her son in a car accident.
a ) lose a baby if a woman loses a baby, the baby dies before it is born
b ) lose someone to something if you lose someone to something such as a disease, they die as a result of it:
She lost her mother to cancer.
6. ) transitive to not have the natural ability to see, hear, remember, etc. anymore:
He lost his sight in an accident.
He'd lost his memory as a result of a stroke.
a ) lose consciousness to become unconscious, for example because you are sick or have been hit on the head
b ) lose your mind to become crazy and start behaving in a strange way
c ) lose your voice to be unable to speak for a period of time, for example because you have a cold
7. ) transitive to not have part of your body anymore, for example because of an accident, illness, or age:
Peter lost a leg in a climbing accident.
He started losing his hair in his late twenties.
8. ) transitive to stop having a positive feeling, quality, or attitude:
Jane started to lose interest in her schoolwork.
Many people have lost faith in the police.
We've lost all hope of finding him alive.
a ) lose your nerve to suddenly become too frightened to do something you intended to do
b ) lose your temper to suddenly become angry
9. ) transitive if you lose time or an opportunity or chance, you use it up or waste it:
a plan to reduce the amount of working time lost through sickness
He must realize that an outstanding opportunity has been lost.
There's no time to lose (=used for saying that it is necessary to do something as quickly as possible because the situation is urgent).
a ) lose no time in doing something to do something immediately:
She lost no time in telling Sonia what had happened.
10. ) transitive to make less money than you spend or invest:
The company lost more than $5 million last year.
11. ) transitive to manage to escape from someone who is following you
12. ) transitive to make someone confused when you are trying to explain something to them:
I'm sorry, you've lost me there. Who's Andrew?
13. ) transitive if a clock or watch loses time, it is operating too slowly and shows a time that is earlier than the correct time
someone can't lose SPOKEN
used for saying that someone will definitely succeed, whatever they decide to do
have a lot/too much to lose
to be in a position where something bad might happen if you are not successful
have nothing to lose
if you have nothing to lose, you can try something because even if you fail it will not make your situation any worse, but you might gain if you succeed
lose your balance/footing
to suddenly fall or almost fall
lose the battle but win the war
to not achieve a minor victory but at the same time succeed in achieving something much more important
lose count
1. ) to forget a total when you are counting something:
Don't talk to me or I'll lose count.
2. ) used for saying that you do not know how many things there are or how many times something has happened, because there are so many:
I've lost count of the times he's asked to borrow money.
lose face
to no longer impress people or be respected by them, especially by showing that you are not in control of a situation
lose ground
to go into a position where you are less strong, advanced, or successful than someone else:
He led from lap one but then lost ground after several pit stops.
lose your head
to become so upset or worried that you stop thinking clearly or behaving in a sensible way
lose heart
to stop believing that you can succeed
lose your heart to someone LITERARY
to start to love someone very much
lose something in translation/interpretation etc.
to not be as effective or accurate when translated or performed in another way, etc.
lose it INFORMAL
1. ) to start laughing or crying and be unable to stop
2. ) to suddenly become unable to behave or think in a sensible way
3. ) to suddenly become very angry
lose your life
to die as a result of something such as an accident, war, or illness:
He lost his life in a sailing accident.
lose your marbles INFORMAL
to become crazy
lose your rag BRITISH INFORMAL
to get very angry
lose sight of
1. ) to forget an important fact or forget what your main aim is, because you are thinking too much about other things:
I think he has lost sight of the origins of the company.
2. ) to be unable to see someone or something anymore:
Danny lost sight of the muggers when they ran into a mall.
lose your touch
to not be as successful at doing something as you were before
lose touch (with something)
to not know the most recent information about something, so you no longer understand it completely:
I've lived in the U.S. for 10 years, so I've somewhat lost touch with British politics.
lose touch/contact (with someone)
to not know where someone is or what they are doing because you have not talked to or communicated with them for a long time
lose track (of)
to not know anymore where someone or something is or what is happening:
I've lost track of what she's doing now.
lose your way
1. ) to no longer know what your aim or purpose is or what to do next:
The company has lost its way in recent years.
2. ) to not know where you are or how to get to where you want to go
lose yourself in something
to be so interested in something that you do not notice what is happening around you
not lose sleep over
to not let something worry or upset you:
It was just a mistake. Don't lose any sleep over it.
,lose `out phrasal verb intransitive
to not get a benefit that someone else is getting:
The proposal is likely to be opposed by the four countries which could lose out.
lose out to someone: If we don't act quickly, we'll lose out to another company.

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lose — W1S1 [lu:z] v past tense and past participle lost [lɔst US lo:st] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(stop having attitude/quality etc)¦ 2¦(not win)¦ 3¦(cannot find something)¦ 4¦(stop having something)¦ 5¦(death)¦ 6¦(money)¦ 7 have nothing to lose 8¦(time)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lose — [luːz] verb lost PTandPP [lɒst ǁ lɒːst] losing PRESPART [transitive] 1. to stop having something any more, or to have less of it: • The industry has lost 60,000 jobs. • After a boardroom battle, Dixon lost control of the company …   Financial and business terms

  • Lose — (l[=oo]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lost} (l[o^]st; 115) p. pr. & vb. n. {Losing} (l[=oo]z [i^]ng).] [OE. losien to loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE. leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. le[ o]san, p. p. loren (in comp.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lose — [lo͞oz] vt. lost, losing [ME losen, lesen, merging OE losian, to lose, be lost (< los, LOSS) + leosan, to lose, akin to OHG (vir)liosan, Goth (fra)liusan < IE base * leu , to cut off, separate > Gr lyein, to dissolve; L luere, to loose,… …   English World dictionary

  • lose — ► VERB (past and past part. lost) 1) be deprived of or cease to have or retain. 2) become unable to find. 3) fail to win. 4) earn less (money) than one is spending. 5) waste or fail to take advantage of. 6) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • Lose — Lose, r, ste, adj. et adv. welches die Bedeutungen der Wörter los, leicht und liederlich in sich zu vereinigen scheinet. Es bedeutet, 1. In mehr eigentlichem Verstande. 1) * Nicht die gehörige Festigkeit habend, in welcher aber los ohne e… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • lose — (v.) O.E. losian be lost, perish, from los destruction, loss, from P.Gmc. *lausa (Cf. O.N. los the breaking up of an army; O.E. forleosan to lose, O.Fris. forliasa, O.S. farliosan, M.Du. verliesen, O.H.G. firliosan, Ger. verlieren …   Etymology dictionary

  • lose — lüz vt, lost lȯst; los·ing 1) to become deprived of or lacking in <lose consciousness> <lost her sense of smell> also to part with in an unforeseen or accidental manner <lose a leg in an auto crash> 2 a) to suffer deprivation… …   Medical dictionary

  • loše — lȍše pril. <komp. gȍrē> DEFINICIJA slabo, krivo, zlo, nevaljalo, pokvareno [loše mi ide; nije loše u dijaloškoj situaciji kao odgovor: vrlo dobro, odlično, bolje od očekivanoga; loše postupati; stvari stoje loše] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi loš …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • lose — [v1] be deprived of; mislay be careless, become poorer, be impoverished, bereave, be reduced, capitulate, consume, default, deplete, disinherit, displace, dispossess, dissipate, divest, drain, drop, exhaust, expend, fail, fail to keep, fall short …   New thesaurus

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